Sunday, March 31, 2019
Factors Influencing Accuracy of loving PerceptionWhat actors squ are off the accuracy of social perceptionand the judgments we make near other people?Within the social environment, interpersonal perception is utilize frequently to make judgments about other people. The accuracy of these force out stick considerable bearing in a business context, affecting, for example, whether a helper is considered trustworthy or an individual motivated enough to warrant managerial training. These are clearly important decisions which could prove detrimental to an organisation if incorrect, to that extent for a number of reasons, assessments of other people whitethorn be quite a inaccurate. By recognising such risks, the organisation may be able to fracture strategies to help ensure more than effective decision- do and operations.Establishing the accuracy of social judgments is extremely complex and perhaps impossible (Pennington 1993 108). Most such assessments have a cultur all in ally situated element they are made in socio-cultural contexts that influence what might be correct. For example, Saucier and Goldberg (2001), who have carried out research in the applicability of personality testing in contrastive nations, find that terms employ to describe personality do not have equivalents in all languages, resulting in a need to recognise different personality frameworks from function to region.Various cognitive phenomena have been identified that may also agree accuracy. Stereotyping, for example, is identified by Huczynski and Buchanan (1991 48) as present in interpersonal perception, and involves attributing fussy qualities to an individual on the basis of limited information using forward knowledge and experience. The tendency to stereotype has been attributed to cognitive economy (Pennington 1993 115-6). Because the environment is so rich in information, the cognitive processing capabilities of the mind struggle to reply to it all. Stereotyping al lows a detailed assessment to be created from limited information processing, making fewer cognitive demands. However, because a large proportion of information is overlooked, stereotyping can lead to significant inaccuracies.The related concept of prejudice is described by Goleman as emotional learning that takes place early in manner (1996 157). Goleman notes that nevertheless, individuals typically deny prejudices and attempt to justify prejudiced decisions by formulating substitute reasons for them (ibid). This perhaps reflects the cognitive dissonance of wishing to appear reasonable indoors a context where prejudice is unacceptable while nevertheless holding such beliefs. This results in a situation where not only do prejudices lead to inaccurate assessments, but also the reasoning behind the assessments is itself inaccurate.The aboriginal attribution error (fuel-air explosive), described as the tendency to attribute some other persons behaviour to their dispositional qua lities rather than situational factors (Langdridge and butt end 2004 359), has been widely researched by psychologists working in the social cognitive tradition. In Western cultures, the fuel-air explosive is reflected by a scenario where a worker blames having to de-ice their car (a situational factor) in the beginning driving to work for their lateness, while their employer may see it as a reflection that the worker is slimyly organised (a dispositional factor). Again, cultural factors are potent it has been found that in the US, dispositional biases are widespread while in easternmost Asia a more holistic come is taken (Norenzayan and Nisbett 2000 132), resulting in the FAE being less commonly seen in eastern cultures (ibid).Huczynski and Buchanan (1991 48-9) suggest that if interpersonal judgments are to be more accurate, then it is important to be conscious and recognise ones own biases. However, even this process demands culturally-situated reflexiveness and may be subj ect to similar inaccuracies. For example, Seligman finds that the majority of individuals ove rest periodimate their social skills, with the most accurate self-perception being among those with depression (1990 109-110). This may suggest that a positively distorted view of oneself is advantageous to well-being, and that its abundance leads to poor rating of others because of individuals inability to recognise their own weakness of judgment.A further factor to consider is whether judgments are made by individuals or socially.Gleitman identifies the mechanism of social comparison as important in making judgments this involves establishing what others views might be in order to help form a judgment (1995 418). gathering dynamics were explored extensively by Tajfel, who notes several characteristics of stereotyping in group situations with, for example, office staff stereotypes are more often applied by groups to themselves (the in-group) while ethnic stereotypes are more often appl ied to out-groups, the groups which are not musical composition of the in-group (1982 5-6). Additionally, if one member of a group stands out from the others, the tendency of the rest of the members is to stereotype them more actively (ibid 8).The mechanisms by which judgments are made may contribute towards inconsistencies between individuals making them. Comparison is fundamental to assessment, according to Mussweiler (2003) who argues that this is make against a standard already established by the judge. Because of individual variations, different judges would be likely to use different standards, in the lead to different assessments. Comparison against low standards may lead to the halo effect, where an individual is seen more positively than might be warranted (Huczynski and Buchanan 1991 48).Another issue is the use of formalize models that may have limited flexibility and overcategorise. This is particularly relevant when applying suppositional constructs in the workplac e. For example, Maslows hierarchy of needs suggests that individuals move up through and through different levels of need as each lower level is quelled (Maslow 1943). It has been criticised for its implication that one need will take precedence (Hersey et al 1996 45), but it is possible that for some individuals, higher needs may be of little interest even when lower needs are satisfied.The contest emerging from the above evidence is to establish whether it is possible to minimise risks of poor judgment through conscious effort to overcome the cognitive mechanisms leading to biases. While it is possible that formal controls such as empirically-tested measures could help, there are still issues of the informal judgment of one individual when introduced to another, not to describe the practicalities and ethical issues regarding testing. Overall, this appears to be an area where inaccuracies and biases may always be important to some degree, thus awareness may be the best approach to preventing them having a detrimental effect on the organisation.BibliographyGleitman H (1995) Psychology fourth Edition (New York/London W W Norton and Company)Goleman D (1996) Emotional scholarship (London Bloomsbury)Hersey P, Blanchard K and Johnson D (1996) Management of organisational Behavior Utilizing Human Resources seventh Edition (New Jersey Prentice Hall International)Huczynski A and Buchanan D (1991) Organizational Behaviour 2nd Edition (Hertfordshire Prentice Hall International)Langdridge D and Butt T (2004) The fundamental attribution error A phenomenological critique in British Journal of Social Psychology Vol 43 pp357-369Maslow A (1943) A Theory of Human Motivation in psychological check Vol 50 pp370-96Mussweiler T (2003) Comparison Processes in Social Judgment Mechanisms and Consequences in Psychological Review Vol 110 (3) pp472-489Norenzayan A and Nisbett R (2000) Culture and Causal cognition in Current Directions in Psychological Science Vol 9 (4) pp132-135P ennington D (1993) Essential Social Psychology (London Edward Arnold)Saucier G and Goldberg L (2001) Lexical Studies of native Personality Factors Premises, Products and Prospects in Journal of Personality Vol 69 (6) pp847-879Seligman M (1990) learn Optimism (New York Simon and Schuster)Tajfel H (1982) Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations in Annual Review of Psychology Vol 33 pp1-39
Saturday, March 30, 2019
Morrisons ASDA Comparative strategies employed by giant super merchandiseplaces in the UK- A critical comparative look at creation Morrisons ASDA argon the 2 giant conduct supermarkets in London. They obtained wide popularity with their products function in UK market. This status register ordain be focusing on the analytic review of the strategies adopted by them in the melody process. It exit intend to coiffe comparability of their strategic norms in the assembly line with in depth examination comparative analysis to arrive at the fit conclusions recommendations for their regular barter policies. Morrisons is the 4th largest supermarket concatenation in UK It is having 11.5% sh be of the grocery store sector in UK It is established in 382 superstores serving around 10 million shoppers in a week. Its trade scheme is client orient focusing on selling groceries at the lower bells. Its establishments dealing precisely in the large superstores. It does not o ffer its customers an online shopping service it has not yet arrived in the financial run market.ASDA is too one of the jumper cable supermarket in London, it is a part of the Wal-Mart family. They committed to provide work to their customer in the bright welcome environment. They strategically aimed to offer excellent example of the customer service based on the customer service create by mental act giving the right staff training to fulfil the needs of the customers. Varieties of products of the diverse smears be offered by ASDA in their superstores to achieve the customer satisfaction. look into Questions This academician study allow for be purely focusing on the market strategies adopted by the leading supermarkets in their business processes. On exhalation for the analytical review following are some of the question questions embossed in my mind1 What is the area of the business evolution of Morrison ASDA in UK?2 What are the strategies adopted by Morrison ASDA for the growth enlargement of their business military action in UK?3 What are the suitable, feasible delightful tools for their strategic analysis comparison in the business?4 What are the comparative advantages of their strategies, policies in the business in UK?Research has been undertaken with the directions of all the subjective analysis in depth.Literature Review profound issue behind this study analysis allow for be to make analysis of the upstart strategies adopted by both of these supermarkets for their business development in UK to suggest them further improvements for their expansion in the area of activity in UK based on the detailed study. Martin Headen his associates has done analytical study on this topic in Jan 2009 which is purely concentrate on the commercialize Development of the ASDA Morrison in comparative analysis. They clearly state that Morrison is the supreme head teacher of groceries in an international market seeking their promotion of sale s services throughout the world, It has derived its rank with their optimum capability face to face contracts in door presentation for achieving the customer satisfaction, they are having the boom technology in the business planning premises In the technical analysis of ASDA business strategy it has been stated in their perspective study as 15.6 % of the grocery market is controlled by ASDA in UK ,it is only a supermarket based gaseous state retailer to react a Safeways promotion, it swiftly cut its footings 0.8p per litre Martin et.al,2009 In his opinions given by a retail analyst he stated that Price set up make customer switch temporarily to a competitor, but it is not enough to make them stay. If the price is the only doer grocery shoppers considered, then Aldi would win every time, yet the budget chain has a UK market share of just 1.7% Fredric,2008 It is showing that price comparison is an important factor pointed out in this research journal for qualification the comp arison of the strategies adopted by the supermarkets. still, it is aiming to find out that only the price is not to be treated as the sole successor for the market analysis, even for the increasing level of prime(prenominal) of the product in the stores price is considered to be subsidiary with in the limit of the budgets of the customers. In many cases for buying of the qualitative products customer prefers to spend excess above the budget, it is therefore strategic aim of the supermarkets is not always price based rather it is quality based in the product development. In the studies done by Antony Marric in his research analysis in sept.2009 he had given focus on the sustainable marketing strategies of the business developments adopted by supermarkets in Uk.He had analysed the related to factors coming in the background of the research towards the porters 5 forces as a business strategy tool. He focused on the buyers power, suppliers power, market rivalry, flagellum of new ent rants entry barriers with their inter relative fixs on each otherwise in the process of the strategic business development. In his literature he has written that the Sustainable Marketing strategy is based on the intravenous feeding P,s which are Price,Product,Place,Promotion the four Es which are Economy,Ecology,Ethnology,Ethics. Antony,2009 Antonys study purely focused on the scientific marketing strategies of the supermarkets in their business developments. It has been studied from the perspective of the customer druthers as well as the seller orientation in the market analysis. Economy is related to the cost control in the business ,Ecology is the interdisciplinary scientific study of the business interactions between the business organisms their impact on their environment analysis, Ethnology is an analytical comparisons of the origins ,distribution,technology,language,religion with that the social structure of the cultural ,racial national divisions of the humanity w here as Ethics are the benchmarks of the standard, rational enter of conducts of the business which can be helpful for the survival stability of the business in the Market.Especially in ASDA Morrison there are extensive researches developments in the products to absorb the new customers in the market Henry,2009 In his scientific analysis Henry precisely focused on the socio cultural influences of the people leave in the society on the fodder retailing .Now there are changes in the quality of the food products in Uk,Desire of the exotic fruits, fish in the past trends has gone now changed in the healthier food in the attractive packages suitable in the environmental scanning. He focused on the developments in the 21st century somewhat the customer miens towards the acceptability of the food products so far it has been closely impacted on the strategy of the appearance of the saleable product of the supermarkets. He also focuses on the changing habits of the customers chang ing habits of the customers towards eating food in this trend of the new culture how the supermarkets responded to the consumer preferences to energize their activity in the market. Every supermarket has its own implemented strategy ,ASDA is the net price offers the cheapest one among all the supermarkets in UK which is closely followed by the Morrison , However it is having different impacts on the consumer behaviour might be due to the brand identity of the products sold in the both supermarkets. hammer,2008 The norm of study of Peter clearly pre-screened towards the view of the strategic development of the supermarkets in UK,it is based on the price fixation of the products in the supermarkets its relative impact on the consumer preferences their psychological science towards accepting the products. He also stresses on the brand identity of the products which are sold by the supermarkets.Methodology Methods forget be used for the proposed study, will be based on the pure analytical trend of the supermarkets strategy in their area of activity of the business. The process will be separate into 3 aspects of the research. The proposed study is giving importance to the systematic exploratory research based on the survey ,observations analytical review. The research will be prepared in the aiming at the perspective direction of the users towards the suitable, feasible acceptable planning decision-making. It is appropriate to choose the exploratory research to focus in depth on the competitive strategies of the supermarkets for their business development in the sudden market.Survey is important to guess the impact of the strategies developed applied by the supermarkets on the consumer behaviour,Analytical review is to pre-screening the implications of the strategic management of the supermarkets based on the responses given by the consumers.Data Gathering Primary data will be self-possessed with the regular visits in the supermarkets at the peri odical intervals. Data will be collected with conducting the regular interviews of the working persons in the supermarkets about their policies strategies in the expansion of the business. Why do interviews with workers offer policy insights? Observations on the consumer preferences information about impacts of the business strategies adopted by the supermarkets will be gathered. Observations can be helpful to make analysis of the changes in the consumer behavioural patterns their buying behaviour towards the policies implemented by the supermarkets. Survey of the potential customers with getting replies from them through customers will be gathered to gather data about the consumer responses. Secondary data will be collected from the journals,brouchers,product magazines of the supermarkets. Secondary data will be collected to know about the average consumer opinion about the products services living in a particular area.It can give the consumer preferences as per the living area ,age group along with the trends in the market.Data summary soft duodecimal data will be analysed to arrive at the authorize conclusions. Grounded theory will be used in the analytical comparisons of the supermarkets. For the statistical analysis of the quantitative measurements statistical Package of Social Sciences SPSS will be used to make the perspective analysis of the gathered data. Data will be analysed in the Strenths, Weaknesses, and Opportunities Threats to study the potential norms of the strategies adopted by the supermarkets with their impact on the business policy developments. Strategic norms in the business can be assessed with clubbing of the advantageous disadvantageous factors along with the internal international factors in the business. Study will be analysed in the cause erect relationships of the facts circumstances of the business developmental strategy in the supermarkets. How the circumstances leading to or caused to the potential effects in th e business will be perspective analysed in the cut throat competition the comparative academics. Statistical Techniques of Mean,Mode,Median,Standard Deviation,Range,Chi-square test, Co-relation, integration will be used wherever necessary in the statistical strategic comparisons.Data Presentation The structured data will be presented in charts, diagrams ,histograms, graphs to make precise focus of the study towards the analytical review desired topic to obtain readers attention towards the research study analysis. Statistical measurements will be presented in the bar charts to have an in depth focus on the result orientation of the study with the suitableness for attention understandibility of the user.Conclusion The determined research study is an analytical view of the comparison of the business strategies of the 2 leading giant supermarkets in London.ie ASDA Morrison and so on The study will give precise focus on the performance of the strategic tools in their business pro cesses for the comparative study. It will be pre-screening their norms of the business development in terms of the area of operations along with their ideas potential for the growth expansion of their business activity in the competitive UK market. on with the tools of the strategic analysis it will be focusing on the merits demerits of the recent strategies of supermarkets with their complementary impact on the consumer behaviour in the Market. Even quantitative analysis will be done through the help of the statistical measures to arrive at the efficient, effective realistic findings of the academic research work.References1 Martin et.al,(2009),Research in Supermarkets,7 th edition, Boycott2Misher,F.(2008),Price Discrimination in Supermarkets, Toronto books3Ganguly,A.(2009),Strategic Marketing in Supermarkets, Tools Analysis of Business Strategies, 3rd edition, Sudan county publishers.4Adorten,H.(2009),Business Development in Supermarkets,1st edition,Antop Hill (ISBN14567512 )5Disuza,P.(2008), Rationals of the Business strategy,2nd edition,Waffer
The Grant Corporation Information Technology EssayThis theme studies how to implement human resources information transcription, problems faced by Director of HR at grant incorporation in order to implement red-hot HRIS and the corrective measures that should cave in been done to facilitate the transfer atomic number 18 canvass in this fount report. The critical advantage factors and weaknesses in various stages of implementing an HRIS ar explored in the paper. The problems atomic number 18 rooted mainly in two factors. peerless is that HR department lacks knowledge about HRIS and secondly poor discourse in the change passage. According to (Hammer, 2000) some organizations are non sure-fire in implementing human resource information systems. The system fails because the various software product programs are not structured and information is often missing. Some accomplishable ways to prevent or solve these problems are 1) consider add-ons, 2) depict portal power, 3) integrate the system, 4) hire or host, 5)use what you pack, 6) restructure the team, and 7) dont go it alone. The recommendations base on research are give upd in this report.The Grant CorporationThe pursual result analytic thinking report includes scenario of change management process at The Grant Corporation. The HRD at Grant Corporation indispensabilityed to expand to appreciation up with the growth of organization. Newly hired Director of HR, Julia Woodland suggested capital punishment of a HRIS system to deal with existing HR issues. But it was not successfully implemented. According to (Mackenzie, 2010), increasingly, the failure to successfully implement information systems stick out less to do with the hardware or software aspects of the new system and more to do with the skills of the change leader and the people and organizational issues tie in to the change. The cause of problem that arises at grant incorporation involves lack of leadership, dialogue, provis ion, change management, and training.Woodlands EvaluationJulia Woodland executed a successful need analysis and concluded that HRD requires advance technology to perform efficiently and effectively. She proposed the purchase of an integrated payroll/HRIS that will integrate the finance departments system, benefits and 401(k) providers systems, which got approved. Woodland was so overwhelmed with the find out she overlooked the fact that the success requires participation and commitment from whole areas of the firm. human Resource Information Systems Basics, Applications, and Future Directions (Michael J. Kavanagh Mohan Thite, 2008) states The Eight-Stage trade process(Kotter,1996), the steps are to attain a sense of urgency, recruit powerful change leaders, build a vision and effectively communicate it, remove obstacles, create quick wins, and fall apart your momentum. If Julia had followed this process, it could pack helped her to make the change part of the Grant Corporatio n.Required Individuals for budge ProcessIn my opinion, top management support is required from beginning, all through the execution evaluation of project along with the people who are going to be affected. In this case IT department, HR department, Payroll would have been included from the initial stage of process. As, employee communication is especially critical when were hard to get opposites to see and do things differently (Duck, 2001, p.27)Staffing Errors and Their ImpactThere are three primary activities in an HRIS implementation configuring the HRIS for the firms business processes and policies, interfacing data with other systems and converting historical data into the HRIS, and preparing the organization for the new HRIS. Woodland failed to involve, consult list people from organization in change process, she had unrealistic expectations, that her staff would gratifying the new system, there was lack of communication which created distrust among HRD, and which impac ted adversely on management commitment resulting in failure of implementation of HRIS. (Lorenzi, 2000) note that for successful implementation of IT system, effective leadership, planning, change management techniques, communication, and training should be comprehend. Woodland should have considered these factors to achieve her goal.Importance of Cultural IssuesOrganizational civilisation is defined as a complex set of shared beliefs, guide values, wayal norms, and basic assumptions acquired over time that shape our thinking and behavior they are part of the social fabric of the organization-its genetic code. As such, kitchen-gardening drives the organization and guides the behavior of everyone in that organization-how they think, feel, and act. In other words, the culture forms a behavior template. (Michael J. Kavanagh Mohan Thite, 2008, p. 192).Woodland would have understood the organizational cultural former implementing the change. By developing a better understanding of the organizational culture, she could have implemented the strategies regarding change which employees might have embraced.Communication PlanIf I had been in Woodlands position I would have actual a communication plan that would have defined clear and compendious roles for employees involved in the change process. Communication is one of the important tools in implementing effective change strategies for success. As (Michael J. Kavanagh Mohan Thite, 2008) defined in the Case for ChangeReason for change, Vision for future, Plan for getting there, Believe change is accomplishable and clear expectations mustiness be included in communication plan. Having a company meeting to stage the beginning of these new ideas will provide the employees with the information they need to embrace any impending changes that the company is qualification and to their role in the new vision for the future.TrainingIn this case training would help employees at to cope with organizational change by ena bling them understand why it happens, why it is needed and what it means to them and to organization. With straightlaced training employees would feel confident in using HRIS, and training would scale down their concerns, thus encouraging them to be a part of change.User word meaningThe Grant Corporation must involve end users in planning of HRIS project from beginning. According to (Michael J. Kavanagh Mohan Thite, 2008) when users are included in planning, acceptance testing, and fault over to a new HRIS, their commitment, trust increases for the project. Woodland must watch ongoing communication with employees, along with feedback to make HRIS user friendly. Woodland must inform employees regarding decisions made and by asking them to provide input on those decisions to make system accepted by them.Process ReengineeringThe process reengineering is in effect(p) as this would allow the company to obtain its full return on investment (ROI). With reengineering they can gain fu ll potential of new system, sooner of just automating existing processes. The firm will alter their conservative processes to ordinate themselves with the new technology. (Michael J. Kavanagh Mohan Thite, 2008).Implementation Maintenance and SupportHR and IT departments will have to establish a help desk to assist employees with their concerns. They will also need to ensure system is being used correctly. New policies and procedures must be established for the use of electronic data addressing security and privacy concerns. effectivity and efficiency of system should be monitored. Ongoing communication and training is lively for proper maintenance and support of the system.CONCLUSIONThe Grant Corporation case analyzes importance of good technical and organizational skills for successful implementation of an HRIS system. The success of a HRIS system exists in understanding organization culture, ongoing communication along with effective implementation process. Change management is a process by which an organization moves from its current state to some future desire state as defined by its vision. (Michael J. Kavanagh Mohan Thite, 2008, p. 201).REFRENCESDuck, J. The change monster. New york confidential information Business.Hammer, M. 2002. Recharging your HRMS Workforce. 81(9) 38-41. (2002).Retrieved from http//gspa.nida.ac.th/load.phpLorenzi, N. . (2000). managing changeAn overview. Journal of the american medical informatics association, 116-124.Mackenzie, A. (2010). Chapter 8 consort Notes.htm.Michael J. Kavanagh, M. T. (2008). Human Resource Information Systems Basics, Applications, and FutureDirections. SAGE, 2008.
Friday, March 29, 2019
big(p)(p) Island Destinations In The mankind holidaymakerry EssayThe intelligence body process Island means pieces of either sub- unadulte positiondal land environ by water. Keys or cays argon an some former(a) word used for very pocket-size islands or islets. Eyot is the named referred to islands that argon fit(p) in rivers and lakes. An archipelago is the name given for groups of geographically and geologically related islands.Island and stainlesss differs in cost of their natural purlieus, natural re lineages, and bio launchrsity. It withal differs in terms of the type of biologic support system, response to environmental changes, and the ability to rec everyplace from natural or ecological disasters.As menti one and only(a)d earlier, islands differ from principal(prenominal)land continents in terms of biodiversity. This cig bet be seen from the odd collection of flora and fauna, which sometimes can non be seen elsewhere.Islands atomic fleck 18 categorized int o two types in terms of geological formation, namely ocean and Continental, maritimeic islands existence the ones which arise from the surface of the ocean whether by volcanic activity or coralline accumulation of sand and debris, Continental Islands ar in untoward a part of the continental shelf which is separated from the primary(prenominal) continent by water, these types of islandsImportance of islands as a touristry computer address legion(predicate) of the island destinations ar economically infra veritable, and lively from natural fresh devotions, therefore do it an central asset in the global touristry market.Due to their small size and moderate re authors, these destinations faces special challenges and obstacle in fulfilling economic realise to the islands and its people. Sustainable wariness and appropriate development of these natural and environmental resources, in terms of touristry proves beneficial to the resident or host community.tourism plays a dominant role in the economic wellhead- cosmos of islands. Tourism compensation account for a significant proportion in their GDP, and they ready an overwhelming reliance on tourism as a source of exports.The fundamental aim of tourism development in Islands is to increase outside(prenominal) exchange earnings to finance imports.The large proportion of what is being bring in done tourism leaves the scrimping al close to instantaneously. In Island, tourism facilities are broadly enclave developments, and their effects on the domestic economy can sometimes be limited.Tourism is an intentness where careful planning is required so that it can be developed with the intention of sustaining it for the long term to a fault minimizing environmental damage. Tourism development has contri only whened to economic development in many a nonher(prenominal) of these Islands, but may not last forever.IslandMean(1980-2000)Pop.(mills)Mean 2000Pop.(mills) egress Area(km2)GDP per capita(000 US$)GDP per capita(000 US$)Bahamas0.2613.10.3013.910,010Cyprus0.6010.00.7614.19,240Dominican0.073.40.073.4750Haiti6.540.57.960.427,560Jamaica2.401.72.631.810,830Malta0.377.00.3910.2320 self-aggrandizing island destinations as per continental contributionsAfricaAfrica is the human beings import-largest and second most-populous continent after Asia, covering 6% of the Earths total surface subject and 20.4% of the total land area.The population of Africa close to accounts to a billion people in 61 territories it is about 14.72% of the innovations human being population.The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean sea to the north, both the Suez groove and the loss Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the north vitamin E, the Indian Ocean to the atomic number 16east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent has 54 sovereign statesPemba, TanzaniaScore 67Pemba is located in the Indian Ocean where it learns the eastern beach of Africa. It is an island forming part of the Zanzibar archipelago. It lies 50 kilometers east of mainland Tanzania. It is in like manner cognise as Al Jazeera Al Khadra (the green island, in Arabic.Majority of the island consist of hills and are much much fertile compared to Zanzibar. well-nigh of the land is dominated by small scale farming by the local anesthetics, and fewer large scale farming which produce huge revenue to the locals. The most abandoned cash producing crop is cloves there are over 3 trillion clove trees in Pemba. Largest portion of export earnings also comes from cloves. besides cloves the locals also produce rice, coconut, bananas cassava and red beans.Laidback, old- forge island and less developed compared to Zanzibar. Pemba is a magnificent Island with naturally unspoi direct environment and culturally very intact. But it has limited beaches, and has a lot of mangrove vegetation. Fine reefs for diving, but lacks fish due to dynamiting.Pemba is also well-known for its rich fishing yard, du e to high marine biodiversity. Between the island and the mainland of Tanzania, there is the thickset 20 miles wide Pemba channel, which is one of the most commercial fishing grounds for game fishing on the East African lantern slide.Pemba is growing familiar as one of the leading island destinations in Africa due to its uncommon dive sites, with steep drop- pips, untouched coral and very abundant marine life.As mentioned earlier the strong cultural base also exits a sole experience of old and laid back town life. The population consists of Swahili Moslem society in mostly rural small towns. at that place are few tourist lodges located near the beaches, mostly high-end, and generally excision off from main roads and towns. For budget travelers there are other small guest houses/hotels of very low standard.Besides the outstanding looker and unspoiled nature of Pemba, a concern arises about management of these attractions. There should be sustainable development to save the u nspoiled beaches and diving spots.So Tom and Prncipe, Score 66Sao Tome and Principe, is officially known as Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe. It is a Portuguese-speaking island nation located in western equator of the slide of Africa, alongside the Gulf of Guinea. Sao Tome and Principe consists of two islands which are called, Sao Tome and Principe, located about 140 kilometers apart and about 250 and 225 kilometers respectively, off the northwestern coast of Gabon. Due to the small population, Sao Tome and Principe is also known as the two smallest countries in African in term of population size. Both of the islands are a part of an extinct volcanic range, which is known as Cameroon Volcanic pot Range.The islands experience tropical climate at ocean level, with an average annual temperatures of about 27 degrees C and not more than 32 degrees C. With training altitude the temperature decreased to average yearly temperature is 20 degree Celsius, with usually cooler n ight weather.Annual rainfall changes from southwestern slopes to in the Federal lowlands of these two islands. It is recorded that the rainy appease starts usually from October and continues up to May. Sao Tome and Principe has a very high-potential destination for both natural and cultural resources. They take aim astonishingly untouched natural environment with a touch of interest kitchen-gardening and history. Sao Tome and Principe do not have a huge begin of inbred animals, besides the Sao Tome is known for a few endemic species such(prenominal)(prenominal)(prenominal)(prenominal) as Shrew and some(prenominal) bat species. The two islands are home ground to a variety of endemic flora and fauns. The two islands contain the worlds largest sunbird also known as the Giant Sunbird, Fiscal and also known for several giant species of Begonia. These flora and fauna cannot be found elsewhere do it peculiarly disparate from other mainland continents. Nevertheless there are grea t threats including trade tourism developments, unsustainability and very weak or corrupt management of government policies and environmental protection that will protect the endemic species and unspoiled natural environment.Mediterranean islandsThe Mediterranean Sea separates Europe and Africa. The land enclose from east to west about 4000 km. Mediterranean Sea plays very main(prenominal) for trading and business hub back in history and to daylight most of the neighboring countries are tourist attractions. Most of the countries had its own uniqueness and whole tone of history to share to the world. Many Civilizations starts here including Greek imperium, Roman Empire and also washout. The tourist industry in Mediterranean is one of the passing developed in the world. Most of the income generated from Tourism industry. Resorts, Hotels, Restaurant, tourist attraction and also pastal places is one of the major reason tourist visited Mediterranean countries. In Mediterranean re gions, Tourism brings huge economic benefits however increasing the public figure of visitors can damage the environment.The sea is part of the Atlantic Ocean, although it is usually identify as completely separate body of water. Mediterranean covers area of 2.5 million Km (970 000 sq mi) but its connected to the Atlantic is only 14 km (8.7 mi) wide. The maximum depth of Mediterranean region is 5,267 m (17,280 ft, The Mediterranean sea is connected to the Atlantic Ocean at the Strait of Gibraltar, and it is linked to the Red Sea and Indian Ocean (by the Suez Canal), and the Black Sea (at the Dardanelles and Sea of Marmara). The main subdivisions of the Mediterranean Sea are the Adriatic, Aegean, Ionian, and Tyrrhenian seas which collectively form a coastline extending 46,000km, which runs through 22 countries, it is authoritative to mention that this area is highly polluted.Countries neighboring Mediterranean,TurkeyFranceEgyptTunisiaSpainAlbaniaItalyLebanonGreeceMontenegroLibyaMal taMonacoSyriaIsraelCroatiaMoroccoAlgeriaSloveniaCyprusBosnia HerzogoveniaUkraineJordanSaudi ArabiaHydra Island, GreeceHydra Island is located between the Saronic and Argolis Gulf. It is in the shopping centre of town of the whole island, is built architecturally around the port. Hydra Island is a second smaller island sitting seaward on the east coast from the main island. Hydra Island is also known as cosmopolitan and magnificent island combined which asserts tranquility and relaxation, in addition the island offers entertainment all day long and intensive night life. The fact that Hydra has a unique beauty in its architecture and its landscape, taken together with its proximity to capital letter of Greece and its important historical interest, have gradually raised the island to the level of an world-wide tourist center.The discovery of Hydra Island is by group of artists such as Leonard Cohen and Axel Jensen. Hydra Island also famous of its historical role during the Greek Re volution. aside from the historical side, beach area is the most famous attraction with unique atmosphere.There is a lot of activity tourist can do in Hydra Island such as beaches activity, architecture, museums, villages shopping, churches, and festivals.A good recitation of a small island that preserves local heritage and fisherman activities. It appeals mainly to those who want to discover the traditional and authentic essence of the Greek substance of life.Continually under the onslaught of tourists. It has weathered these pressures in a proactive manner and remains competitive.Hydra takes preservation seriously and has maintained a village scale and architectural forms that feel very authentic. Since no cars are allowed, the island has retained its personal line of credital streetscape. Easy to access by ferry from Piraeus, so its tremendously popular and has a thriving nightlife. Most of the hotels are small, thankfully. southerly the States entropy America is the southern continent of America. It is situated in the western hemisphere and mostly in the southern hemisphere with relatively small portion in the northern hemisphere. The geography of South America contains many diverse regions and climates. The South American continent also includes assorted islands, most of which belong to the countries on the continent. South America nations that border the Caribbean Sea including Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.Chiloe, ChileThe Chilo archipelago is surrounded by a pristine seascape, which is promote enhanced by preserved and protected Valdivian forests and a number of historic towns and wooden churches, in which 16 of them are inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List, relatively rural and unspoiled, several historic fishing villages are also present. Accommodation are also available however, they are mostly small hotels or bed-and-breakfast properties.Architectural structure and modality are rich with mythological animals and spirits. The design consists its own meaning and very clarified back then. Most of the tourists enjoy visiting Chiloe because of its uniqueness. Chiloe is the second largest island in South America.Local markets produces are mackerel, sardines and anchovies used to feed farmed salmon are hazardously overdrawn.Last and foremost, the Chiloe Island is proud to be its own, historical, sandy beaches and received high number of tourist every year especially for honeymooners or couples.North and horse cavalry opera Europe islandsAlthough unknown for tourism, these islands take into account an excellent tourism retreat, however, falling under European constitution and supervision these islands had a chance to be sustainably developed so as to meet the tourists expectations as well as provide a development opportunity for the natives of these islands, as these islands are located above 38 longitudinal degrees north of the equator, providing an ice cold weather and decline number of tourists, gum olibanum preventing it from the problem of mass tourism, however, Cruise tourists growth in some of these islands might threaten the natural habitat from the mass tourism problem, below are too examples of these islandsAzores Islands, Portugal.Consisting of nine main islands and maintaining a rate of 84 according to the case geographical islands rating, the Azores islands are located in the middle of the North Atlantic Ocean, 600 KM from Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, the islands history involves intermittent settling of over 200 years, as each of the nine islands provide a unique example of culture, dialect, cuisine and traditions considerably varying from island to another. The main industries of the islands are agriculture, dairy farming (for cheese and butter products primarily), minor line ranching, fishing and tourism, which is becoming the major service activity in the region. by from that, the government of the Azores is responsible for employing a l arge percentage of population in a flash or indirectly in many aspects of the service and tertiary sectors. creation it a non- beach destination as opposed to most of the islands of the world, it is not susceptible to mass tourism, the temperate climate in this island hinders the flow of the tourists, however, it offer the visitor a winderful tantrum of green volcanic mountains and charming towns which remain unspoiled. Cultural richness, remoteness and titan sighting can be considered the highlights for the islands to offer for the visitor.IcelandAn island nation located in the North Atlantic, this island is rated at 80 according to discipline Geographic islands of the world rating.The island known for its vibrant and to that degree extreme natural conditions has constructed to its development towards benefiting from tourism at its best, although the main economy dependency of Iceland is fishing and agriculture, tourism is highly regarded as a source of economy, the increase in ecotourism concept and the abundance of natural resources has contributed to the growth of these practices, such as whale watching and glacier tours which can be found in a few countries worldwide.Iceland can be considered as a absorbed of bad luck economically, as it was hardly hit by the world economic crisis in 2008-2009, an unfortunate eruption of the Eyjafjallajokull release in Iceland happened in March 20th 2010, causing unprecedented ash clouds extending all over Europe and causing a total halt to the airline industry in the whole of Western Europe for a whole week.Although the Island is expect to take a slower pace to recover economically, the image of this kingdom as an eco-friendly island has in so far to be enhanced, as several acts supported by the government has angried several environmentalist, these practices include the allowing of commercial whaling in 2006 and the erection of atomic number 13 smelters and hydropower systems.Iceland dormant remains the fra me in which the natural phenomenons occur in, such as glaciers, aurora , volcanoes and whale sighting, these natural occurrences can simultaneously be observed by the tourists which in return provides the basic read for the tourism sector in the hoidenish, this offers a historic modern accession of interchange the island as a tourism destination.North American IslandsMostly concentrate in two countries namely United States of America and Canada, most of them are considered as major domestic tourism attractions than international ones, these islands are spread on the east and the west side of the North American continent, do its proximity to the mainland America as the main contributor in the tourism numbers, the average rating of the North American islands are 61.1 on National Geographic islands rating, which categorizes it into an island of moderate trouble, as its advantages and disadvantages are almost equal, to give a clearer picture we have chosen the below two examples1 . Mackinac Island,Michigan, US.Located in mainland America, in Lake Huron, and Scoring an 80 points rank in National Geographic scale, the island can be described as a seasonal destination with an ecological basis for tourism development, the summer is known to be the highest season of tourists arrivals.The island which falls under the state of Michigan, USA, has been identified as a National Historic Landmark, as it is known for various events during the year, its ban on travel vehicles, and its status as a preserved state park, these elements offer a the visitor an authentic back in time journey, as the tourists can experience the zero motorized vehicles ban since 1898 and use bicycles or horse drawn carriages as the main mode of conveyance of title.The preservation and containing of the historical aspects of the island has provided a unique and safe haven for tourism development, as the activities are purposely slow, so as to maintain and choose the benefits sought for the pres ervation of the island.Although Mackinac Island is sustainably developed, it is a breakable environment, as the mass tourists arriving in the summertime stress the transportation infrastructure and causes substantial changes to the historic fiber of the destination, these weaknesses can be modulate by issuing laws so as to preserve and protect the fragile island.Santa Catalina Island, CaliforniaScore 74Located 35 Km from off the coast of California, Catalina is rated 74 in the National geographic islands rating, is a immaculate example of a sustainably developed island. The island hosts a variety of tourism infrastructure, although 70% of the total area in the island is under conservation.The limited and controlled development of the island has led it to be sustainable, as the community there which consists of about 3696 people is heavily dependent on tourism.The famous endeavors of filming industry has left a mark on the island as 8 Bisons have been left on the island in 1924, this has produced a herd of almost 200 free roaming wildebeests. The scenic landscape of the island has been used over and over in several shootings, and the world class champion golfer Tiger Woods has also won his first competition on this island, this offers a historic modern approach of selling the island as a tourism destination. east and southeastern United States Asia bash out every inch of the globe particularly in economy, political science and society and located in the east and northern hemisphere, primary continent that 8.6% coated out the surface with roughly 60% of the human population, a distinct island, Asia is well known for 2 of the popular regions, Southeast and Eastern Asia (Wikipedia 2010). Giving the media exposure, Asia is steadily and rapidly growing to be one of the emerging tourist destinations that provide different geography features, climates, facilities and services from tourist native background. Nowadays, due to the climate changes and rapid develo pment in chasing up the tourist needs and satisfaction level, the growth may have threatened not only the people, but the landscape and panoramary as well, following are two islands examplesBali, IndonesiaIndonesia is recognized as one of the most densely inhabit country with comprising of an approximately 17,508 islands that has been one of significant exchange business in the last century. With the diversification of natural resources, culture, ethics, language, and religion, Indonesia become center of attraction for the worlds second highest level of biodiversity. One of the countrys 33 states, Bali, is one of Indonesia prominent island (besides Java Island) that is being recognized for its arts, dance, sculpture, painting, metalworking and music (Wikipedia, 2010). Situated at the Lesser Sunda Islands, Bali or Heavens world is also known for its picturesque and magic scenery of natural resources in particular mountains, flora and fauna as well as beaches too.However, due to ra mpant commercialism, bali, mainly Kuta and Nusa Dua, is rapidly changes and develop to meet up and boosting up their countrys revenue which also lead to higher demand of labor. The island beautiful coral reefs and mangroves being destroyed and bleach by locals for profits. Besides that, branding of merchandize affected the lifestyle of the locals as a result, higher loving ill occurs.Even though the country main attraction is being one of the sustainable tourism, the landscapes are being degraded by the mass growth. Nevertheless, the breathtaking and astonishing features and phenomena such as volcanoes, sightseeing, beaches and the culture will dummy up mesmerized the tourist thus increasing the tourist arrival. Country such as Malaysia is supporting such event whereby the low cost airlines, channel Asia, has implemented budgeted fees to fly there.Jeju (Cheju), South KoreaKorea is known for one of the region of Eastern Asia and was formally unified as one state until 1948, the n ation split up into 2 region, namely South Korea (Republic of Korea) and North Korea (Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea). With two different politic views and markets with South Korea review as free market and pop while North Korea are more to industrial economy with limited intervention from outsider. Approximately 3000 islands in South Korea and some of the small and neglectful islands located at the western and southern coasts (Wikipedia 2010). Made out from volcano eruptions million years ago and the largest island in Korea, Jeju is one of the attractive yet famous tourist destinations in Korea mostly to Asian country. Jeju Island went into a drastic transition from unfamiliar island to renowned due to the explosion of Korea famous gambol Winter Sonata and Hallyu wave. Overwhelming setting and panoramic view of Jeju attracted the viewers thus increasing the arrivals in Korea. In addition, Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes has being listed as one of the World heritage Si te in Korea (Wikipedia, 2010). Mountain Hallasan National greenness natural features uniqueness were once unspoiled are now destroyed and tainted due to the heavy commercialization. Awareness being arose to rescue and preserve remaining species as it has been recorded a number of 1, 565 plant species airing vastly throughout the mountain (Wikipedia, 2010).Furthermore, rampant development from the government in complementing with the tourism industry by offering well known facilities and attraction such as Spa, dining, clubs and so on are being perceived negatively and misleading the tourist real attention to know local cultural.Islands of the Indian OceanThe islands of the Indian Ocean are a varied collection, including many of the smallest territories and one of the largest island nations (Madagascar).With its unique wildlife and culture, is located just off the coast of Africa.Seychelles115 islands spread over a contract Indian Ocean, the Seychelles archipelago is more than 160 00KM from the African cost.The Seychelles islands distance from the continent on the fact they are somewhat spread out have made them an isolated paradise, known as Sea of crystalline high purity, and soft white sand observe by palm trees, overshadowed by the curved, to give the elegance and magnificence of this scene is rarely found in the world.These islands are organized in the south of the equator and is characterized by tropical climate warm all year round, making it a tourist attraction highly distinguished and all the islands of the Seychelles is a world in itself, and are distinguished from others, and left in your soul the memory of different and special flavor, but the common denominator among them, is that it offers you and invites you to experience it.The capital Victoria is located in the island of Mahe the largest, it is the second largest island in terms of area and population of the Seychelles 80 000 people, and this number is less, compared with the number of turt les, which is about 150 thousand, and this country is safe and the rate of crime is almost non-existent .MauritiusThe island of Mauritius Land of Smiles and sugar, known for its magical beaches and the most important tourist destination in the depth of the Indian Ocean with an area of 1865 square kilometers.First discovered the island is the Arabs in the 10th century AD, but did not settle. And then came to her Portuguese explorers in the fifteenth century, but also did not settle .And finally settled by the Dutch and opened under the name of Mauritius in the late sixteenth part century .And then left for the Dutch Frenchmen in the early eighteenth century, and remained colony for 100 years and then France ceded the island to Britain in 1814.So that the island became a British colony that gained independence in 1968 Mauritius. Most of population of Indian origin came to them with the French and English for the cultivation of Indian cane.Tourism is the most important source paralle l with agriculture, particularly sugar, which is famous for Mauritius. Mauritius is one of the most important tourist destinations of the World politicians, businessmen and celebrities because they provide privacy and a relaxed atmosphere, surrounded by services combine in addition to the awareness of the integrated tourism is also promoting Mauritius itself as a keen to provide maximum facilities to the visitors, in addition to the kindness of its inhabitants and their dealings with tourists, high moral character, and this helped in my opinion most of the resorts to promote their products and provide as much as he wishes tourist, and even higher in the fact that the inherent culture of tourism in this country.Caribbean regionCaribbean is enclosed by many islands, islets and offshore reefs which are from Florida, United state America to Venezuela, South America. Caribbean region became more famous because of the movie, Pirates of the Caribbean. This Caribbean region has been former ly known as the West Indies as Christopher capital of Ohio believed that he had reached the Indies archipelago which is known today as South and Southeast Asia, , when he landed there in 1492.The climate of the Caribbean is tropical but rainfall caries with elevation, size and water currents. In addition, warm and moist trade winds blow consistently from the east creating rainforest division on mountainous islandsDominicaDominica, which is officially known as the Commonwealth of Dominica, is an island nation in the Caribbean Sea, and also called the nature isle of the Caribbean. Because Dominica is not changed much after Columbus explored at first time. Dominica is a UNESCO World Heritage site because of the worlds second largest boiling lake, 265 rivers rushing to the sea, national parks and lush vegetation. The islands annual temperature averages at 27C. This temperature is perfect to enjoy the beautiful and natural country as it still has largely pristine forests and haven for o rnithologist as well as great scuba diving spots. In addition, this island is famous for being the Whale watching capital of the Caribbean. The chance of seeing a whale and other animals that belong to the Cetaceans order is absolutely great, in fact greater than elsewhere.Nevis IslandThis island located near the northern end of the Lesser Antilles archipelago. Nevis is a small and deliberate also immensely fertile and wonderfully beautiful. In addition, Nevis island is volcanic island which is a sister island to St Kitts, however, it is still very difficult to access this island. Therefore, the island is consequently uncrowded and largely unspoiled by tourists. It is an advantage for tourist who wants to seek a quiet, laid back, picturesque vacation in a friendly islanders atmosphere. The uniqueness of this island is the culture and people of this island as they are very traditional in their way of life this could be seen in the architecture of their building and housing. Ecotouri sm in particular attracts people to natural sites where the mountains and valleys are found. Moreover, outdoor activities such as golf, hiking, and biking and water sports are attracting more adventurous travelers.Pacific/ Australia/ New Zealand regionThese regions encompasses the ancient land mass Australia, the islands of New Zealand, and the scattering of thousands of small islands that load up out into the Pacific Ocean. They have similar culture and life style but economic situation and main industry are different.Their tourism reputation is getting higher and many are increasingly relying on their beautiful scenery and tropical climates to attract tourists and give a semiprecious boost to their economies.Kangaroo island, South AustraliaKangaroo Island is the 3rd largest island after Tasmania and Melville Island in Australia. This island is closest from curtain Jervis, South Australia and it is 122km southwest of Adelaide. This island attracts over 140,000 visitors each year because of interesting intermingle of agriculture, tourism, and wilderness. Especially, this Kangaroo Island has well preserved by Australia government. Beaches and wild animals are the most uniqueness in Kangaroo Island.The name of this island is from Matthew Flinders who is the English explorer. He explored and mapped the coa
Thursday, March 28, 2019
The Effects of Human Mobility The effect of gay travel has been twofold on the course of human history. It has served to transfer technologies, and it has also served to facilitate the spread diseases. on that point are examples of how applied science travels from iodin culture to another all over the place, from the readings and movies we watch to things that we surround ourselves with everyday. Most of these technologies serve to make the lives of humans easier or more fun, but there are some inventions that have served to altogether destroy or make others lives worse. In some cases the technologys originally intended usage was preserved, but in others the technology is utilize in contrasting manners. An example from one of the first readings from this class is the Chinese invention of gunpowder. Originally it was used for religious purposes, but once the technology spread west with human travel, Europeans used the gunpowder and invented guns and ammunition. once guns we re invented, though, their use has not been altered. Though there are many different models, and types of guns, they all operate under the same principles and for the same purpose.As I was trying to think of other examples of transfer of human technology through travel the movie The Gods Must Be Crazy came to mind. I fare that this movie doesnt represent real life, and might not be based on a true story, but it shows an example of how technology from one culture can influence and change another. The basic precede of the movie is that a pilot is flying his plane over the African bush lands, and drops his Coke bottle out the window. The bottle falls into the detention of a kinsperson of bushmen who still live a relatively vulgar lifestyle. The Coke bottle serves many different uses for them. This glass bottle is harder than roughly things that they had access to, and its mouth and base are circular. Eventually everyone in the tribe wanted to use the bottle for their own purposes. The drawback was that there was only one bottle, so everyone in the tribe begins to fight over it. The rest of the patch is irrelevant, but what I have retold so far serves to illustrate how human travel influences the spread of technology. It also illustrates that the use of one cultures technology in another culture may not be the originally intended purpose.
How to negociate your finance after divorceDivorce is a complex and dangerous episode in anyones lives. You would not want to add in to your onus with monetary issues.This turn out to be a greater casualty if you were always being dependent on your partner or come money crunch. You can no longer afford to rely on anyone else other than yourself. So, gear up and get your act straight. We know it is punishing and at the same time important to start handling pecuniary responsibility. Here are a few steps to help you to determine the first step.Who owns the homeIn case the home is owned by your ex-spouse sole name, then you might want to consider registering for a care using a matrimonial home rights notice or a restriction notice. Both of these notices allow help you in guaranteeing that your ex-partner wont try to sell, transfer or mortgage the place without your knowledge or agreement.Clear your mortgage concernsExplain your stand clearly, gibber to the lender and discus s how you plan to manage the mortgage repayments. This also applies in case you are staying in...
Wednesday, March 27, 2019
How far do you deem that in the battle of the sexes it is the wife of Bath who has the most effictive weapons and fit out? The wife sees the relationship between men and women as a battle in which it is crucial to gain the upper hand, Oon of us two must bowen, douteless Her armour was indeed necessary, as in Medieval England, women definitley were second class citizens who were viewed as nices and chattels, with no financial independence. They were often beaten, and it is clearly in the wifes nature to cheer herself. She uses weapons like her sexuality and her youth to make her husbands suffer, so much so that they feel impotent. How pitously a-night I made hem swinke This weapon was highly impressive with first three husbands who she managed to dominate, I hadde hem hoolly in myn hond and they handed over lond and hir tresoor as she with held sex in order to get her own way with them. The Wife also used a weapon of deceit and she clearly comments that women adjudge this we apon from birth, Swere and lyen as a womman kan She tells her audience tha... ...nce is that she is once again in control as he yaf me al the bridel in myn hond To han the governance of ous and lond Although her marriage with her fifth husband is never resolved and there is no winner because he dies whilst she is on a pilgrimmage, she has a good battle, and probably the most rocky of all her husbands. The overall picture is of a Wife who has certainly fought the good fight. Not surprising as her astrological sign is Mars, implying strength in war. She is still confident and looking to welcome husband number 6.
Miss Maudie & aunty AlexThe Maycomb ladies provide an excellent example of racial prejudice, and a failure to perceive what it is standardised in someone elses skin. They believe they are doing surface by making money for missions, failing to see the hardship on their own doorsteps. auntie Alexandra is very great to the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, as she is a representative of these viewpoints, disapproving of Calpurnia and disassociating herself from the black community entirely. Miss Maudie so far is the counterpoint to auntie Alexandra. Maudie offers Scout a female place model, whereas auntie Alexandra tries to make Scout more ladylike, to fit in with her position in life. Aunt Alexandra plays the greatest role in reinforcing class distinctions within the Finch family. As she believes that because the Finch family comes from a long line of landowners, who have been in the county for generations, they deserve great respect than other people do and therefore must play according to their status. However her prejudice alienates her from the tolerant Finches, just now she fits in thoroughly with the rest of Maycomb. Aunt Alexandra has strict and traditional ideas of how society works and the role for a Southern woman within it, which she tries to enforce upon Scout at the beginning to this novel. When I said I could do nothing in a dress, she said I wasnt supposed to be doing things that requisite pants. Scout immediately takes a dislike to Aunt Alexandra when she criticises her about her overalls. Aunt Alexandra fits in well with the neighbours in Maycomb, but not with the children, as she demands contrary standards of behaviour from what they are used to. Aunt Alexandra does create an impact during her dumbfound when reaching to influence the children during their crucial years of growing up. genus genus Atticus is stressed that he is not doing his best for his children and is torn between being polished to his sister and raising Jem and S cout as he sees fit. Your aunt has asked me to try and impress upon you and Jean Louise that you are not from run-of-the-mill people, She asked me to recite you. Atticus doesnt really want to do this but realises its master(prenominal) to his sister, Jem and Scout can sense this as he keeps saying She asked me to tell you Aunt Alexandra plays a major role in Jem and Scouts understanding of Atticuss teachings on racial discrimination and prejudice. S... ... in the last few chapters when Jem and Scout are attacked. Aunt Alexandra redeems herself and realises the importance of the childrens well being and not their status, she becomes a flip-flopd women in both the lecturers and Scouts eyes. Are you all right, darling? she asked over and over as she worked me free. The reader also sees a definite change to Auntie when she hands Scout her overalls, the garments she most despised. She blames herself for the attack and shows care and mettle in the final crisis. Both Miss Maudie and Aunt Alexandra are important role models to Scout and Jem at the end of this novel. Especially Aunt Alexandra as she shows the children that there is hope in Maycomb for people to alter their ways and views like shes started to achieve in the last few chapters to this book. Jem and Scout entert have a mother figure in their lives but Miss Maudie acts as a feminine role model, helping Atticus to guide them towards the right understanding of life. From this analysis of the two characters Miss Maudie and Aunt Alexandra, it is very clear that they both care very much for the public assistance of the children although they go about showing it in very different ways.
Tuesday, March 26, 2019
The undermine of Lascaux and Cave ArtCave paintings might possibly be the oldest cognise form of communication that exists today. Cave paintings date back to a menses of clock time called the paleolithic succession. The Paleolithic Age took place from 40,000 to 10,000 B.C. Prehistoric Age is divided into three parts Paleolithic creation the earliest, Mesolithic macrocosm the middle at 10,000 B.C. and Neolithic Age macrocosm the latest at 8,000 B.C. During the Paleolithic Age it is believed that the undermine paintings at Lascaux, France were created.Lascaux, is located in the randomness central, western corner of France. In 1940 this cave was believed to be embed by a group of four boys from Montignac, France and a dog while forbidden walking through the woods. Allegedly the dog fell into the cave and would non answer the owners call. The boys came up to what appeared to be a dark rock plainly when as they got closer they realized they was not the case, it was a cave. The boys entered in an endeavor to find the dog and discovered one of the most important cave paintings now known to man. Lascaux quickly became a heavy tourist greet and was forced to be closed in 1963 due to the damage being ca utilise by human beings.In Lascaux this elegant cave painting is comprised of some six hundred figures of different animals. The cave art at Lascaux is comprised of horses, bison, kine and hinds as suggested by the Columbia Encyclopedia in its article Paleolithic Art. It is suggested that the art may have a ritual significance to capture. (Columbia) These animal paintings in the cave vary in size alone the bulls specifically range from thirteen to sixteen feet long.It is believed that these particular cave whole shebang were created sometime around 13,000 B.C. and have remained, for the most part, completely intact. This date is only hypothetical being that the process of dating these cave paintings is slightly inexact and limited. As talked about on the Lascaux Cave Official Website the range of methods and tools used to date the cave art is somewhat limited, partly because the figures are not in a position favorable to stratigraphic dating most of the time and also because of the nature of the material used. (Lascaux 11/25/04) some other identical method uses the pigment, which was found on the ground, to ... ...g these paintings. In researching this topic the learner learned of the three prehistoric eras and what significance each had to later civilization. This learner also learned of the possibility of a scaffolding and/or coordination compound form that was designed to allow a person to paint on the upper wall or ceiling of a cave. This student also found it very interesting how the human body can dissolve down these paintings and how it is hard for even scholars to gain entrance to these places.I view that these cave paintings paved the way for future art with ideas of ritual, creativity, preservation and expr ession. I feel that the people of this time were extremely intelligent in the detail that they were able to grasp some idea of preservation so these paintings could be viewed for years to come. I also feel that these people showed intelligence in a supreme being. If indeed these paintings are created as a ritual for their hunt then maybe they believed that if they perform this ritual this supreme being will provide them with a prosperous hunt. This topic I found very interesting and informative. Studying this topic really brought light to the cosmea of art even in the prehistoric culture.
Statistical Reasoning in Everyday LifeThis chapter taught me the wideness of consciousness statistical data and how to evaluate it with common sense. Almost quotidian we be subjected to statistical data in newspapers and on TV. My usual response was to accept those statistics as being valid. Which I think is a modal(a) assessment for most people. However, reading this chapter opens my eyes to the fact that statistical data can be very misleading. It shows how data can be skew to support a certain groups agenda. Although most statistical data presented may not seem to affect us personally in our daily consists, it can however fork over an impact. For example, statistics can specify the way people vote on certain issues.In evaluating statistical data one thing to consider is the time that is used. By encountering the different statistical measurement tools and how they differ from one another, it is possible to infer whether a statistical graph can be accepted at face va lue. A good example is using the mean to designate averages. This was demonstrated by using the mean as a measure of determining the distribution of incomes. The mean income depicted was, $70,000 per year. At face value, it looks as though the sample population enjoys a rather high income. However, upon eyesight individual salaries, it becomes obvious that only a few salaries are liable for the high average income as depicted by the mean. The majority of the salaries were wellhead under the $70,000 average. Therefore, the mean distributed income of $70,000 was at best misleading. By also sounding at the median and mode measures of the income distributions, one has a clearer picture of the existing income distributions. Because this data contained extreme values, a standard deviation curve would have given better representation of salary distribution and would have highlighted the salaries at the high level and how they skewed the mean value.Another important notion outlined in this chapter is the correlation coefficient. The importance of this is being able to understand to what extent two things actually relate to each other. By having this awareness, we are better able to understand and function in the world we live in.I learned some key factors in making the ending whether statistical data is reliable Consider the population sample and if it is spokesperson of the inferences that the data is claiming.
Monday, March 25, 2019
The mediaeval new is previously associated with organism a lawlessness against constraining neoclassical aesthetic ideals of order and unity, in order to recur a suppressed primitive and barbaric inventive freedom. (Botting, 1996 98) It is often considered a premature manifestation of the emerging values of Romanticism. Although the gothic literary genre is about shadowy and difficult to define it can be seen as having a number of officeistics or conventions. This can be notice in Frankenstein including the conventional settings, characters and plots, an interest in the sublime, the production of excessive sensation in the reader, an vehemence on suspense, the notion of the double and the presence of the supernatural. (Botting, 1996 102) The genre develops more(prenominal) than than an accord of the various modes of destructive violence, social repressions, and disturbing familiar energies characterizing particular moments of modernity. It begins to be integral to the formation self-re infixation and maintenance of the modern realness we inhabit. The degree in which the protagonist characters in the young portrayed as either innately virtuous or evil and its contribution to their identicalness. The novel Frankenstein finds itself a dupe of psychoanalytical criticism. The purpose of this essay is to investigate the identity of Frankenstein and his relation to the wildcat using the psychoanalytic theory.This essay will reason the evidence masking the reason why the shaft is a more appealing character by observing closely the relationship amidst Victor Frankenstein and his teras. In addition, the epistolary form used in the novel as nearly as character development will in any case be referenced. The monster represents a part of Frankensteins fr... ... the horrific result of in her novel. Frankenstein is more than a ghost story it is a social record and a semipolitical manifesto.Neither Victor nor his creation displays actions or attit udes that become goodness beneath this particular perception of human nature. Yet the creature continues to prove him more sympathetic than his creator does because he is far more aware of his confess wrongness than Victor is. Victor is appallingly insincere the monster is alone realistic, and indignant towards Victors hypocrisy. The creatures acknowledgment for his emergency of affection is present throughout the entirety of the novel. By acknowledging that he lacks affection, he discovers he ineluctably to search for it since Frankenstein suppressed him from it. It is because affection is unachievable for the creature, contempt his efforts, which makes him the victim of this novel. kind-heartedness for the Devil Essay -- Literary Analysis, FrankensteinThe gothic novel is previously associated with being a rebellion against constraining neoclassical aesthetic ideals of order and unity, in order to recover a suppressed primitive and barbaric imaginative free dom. (Botting, 1996 98) It is often considered a premature manifestation of the emerging values of Romanticism. Although the gothic genre is somewhat shadowy and difficult to define it can be seen as having a number of characteristics or conventions. This can be observed in Frankenstein including the stereotypical settings, characters and plots, an interest in the sublime, the production of excessive emotion in the reader, an emphasis on suspense, the notion of the double and the presence of the supernatural. (Botting, 1996 102) The genre develops more than an understanding of the various modes of destructive violence, social repressions, and disturbing sexual energies characterizing particular moments of modernity. It begins to be integral to the formation self-representation and maintenance of the modern world we inhabit. The degree in which the protagonist characters in the novel portrayed as either innately virtuous or evil and its contribution to their identity. The novel Fran kenstein finds itself a victim of psychoanalytical criticism. The purpose of this essay is to investigate the identity of Frankenstein and his relation to the creature using the psychoanalytic theory.This essay will discuss the evidence showing the reason why the creature is a more appealing character by observing closely the relationship between Victor Frankenstein and his monster. In addition, the epistolary form used in the novel as well as character development will also be referenced. The monster represents a part of Frankensteins fr... ... the horrific result of in her novel. Frankenstein is more than a ghost story it is a social narrative and a political manifesto.Neither Victor nor his creation displays actions or attitudes that constitute goodness under this particular perception of human nature. Yet the creature continues to prove him more sympathetic than his creator does because he is far more aware of his own wrongness than Victor is. Victor is appallingly hypocritical the monster is merely realistic, and indignant towards Victors hypocrisy. The creatures acknowledgment for his need of affection is present throughout the entirety of the novel. By acknowledging that he lacks affection, he discovers he needs to search for it since Frankenstein suppressed him from it. It is because affection is unachievable for the creature, despite his efforts, which makes him the victim of this novel.
The Sleep and watchfulness Motif in Macbeth We have sense of right and wrongs that function to tell us the variance between right and wrong. If we have clear consciences, we usually possess the top executive to sleep. But when our consciences are full of guilt, we experience a state of waryness. In Macbeth, Shakespeare uses the sleep and sleeplessness motif to represent Macbeths and Lady Macbeths consciences and the effect Macbeths conscience has on the country of Scotland. Lady Macbeth begins with an unrecognizable conscience. She explains to Macbeth that if she said she would kill her ingest child, she would rather do the deed than break her word to do so. As the play continues, however, Lady Macbeth begins to develop a conscience. After placing the daggers for Duncans murder, she makes an excuse for non killing Duncan herself Had he not resembled / My father as he slept, I had donet (2.2.12-13). These words introduce her conscience. Towards the end of the play, Lady Macbeth falls into a sleepless state, and this sleeplessness represents her guilt for her role in Duncans death,...
Sunday, March 24, 2019
A Character abstract of Sir Lancelot Sir Lancelot, from the stories of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table, has fit by far the most popular and well-remembered dub. Through Malorys rendition of tralatitious materials, we have inherited a character that has hold out the image of the quintessential knight. How is it that the outsider, the foreigner, the upstart who wins Arthurs heart and Guineveres body and soul (Walters xiv) has taken the place that, prior to Malory, was close for Sir Gawain? Malory has made this character larger than life. Of the grandeur of Lancelot, Derek Brewer says, In the depicting of Lancelot we generally recognize a vein of extravagance. He is the most psychoneurotic of lovers, as he is the most beloved of ladies, and the greatest of fighters (8). To achieve this feat, Malory has mould Lancelot to fit the idea of the thoroughgoing(a) knight and the sodding(a) lover. The perfect knight is defined by the Chivalric Code set out in Le Mort e DArthur as only to fight in just stimulates, at all times to be merciful, and at all times to frame the service of ladies foremost (Malory 69). In this code, Lancelot is to be found exemplary. To prove himself graceful as a knight of the Round Table, Lancelot must embark on a quest, and it is while on this quest that A seemingly endless series of victories wins him the title of the best knight in the world dedicated to defend the rights of the weak and the oppressed (Walters xxi). The perfect lover is a bit easier for the juvenilee reader to understand, as it is much the same as today. To prove himself the perfect lover, Lancelot defends the honor of his Lady above all, denies himself the pleasure of all other ladies, and accepts whatsoever might... ... of all Christian knights none could match you You were the most formidable in battle and the most courteous in manners in the beau monde of warriors the most courageous, and in the fraternity of ladies the gentlest of men , and in a righteous stick implacable. And of great lovers surely you were the truest. So it is you shall be remembered (Malory 507). Works Cited App, August J.. Lancelot in English Literature, His Role and Character. vernal York Haskell House, 1965 Brewer, Derek. The Presentation of the Character of Lancelot. Lancelot and Guinevere, A Casebook. Ed. Lori J. Walters. modern York Garland, 1996. 3-27 Malory, Thomas. Le Morte DArthur. Trans. Keith Malory. New York Mentor, 1962 Walters, Lori J.. Introduction. Lancelot and Guinevere, A Casebook. Ed. Lori J. Walters. New York Garland, 1996. xiii-lxxx A Character Analysis of Sir Lancelot Essay -- Sir Lancelot EssaysA Character Analysis of Sir Lancelot Sir Lancelot, from the stories of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table, has become by far the most popular and well-remembered knight. Through Malorys rendition of handed-down materials, we have inherited a character that has become the image of the quintesse ntial knight. How is it that the outsider, the foreigner, the upstart who wins Arthurs heart and Guineveres body and soul (Walters xiv) has taken the place that, prior to Malory, was close for Sir Gawain? Malory has made this character larger than life. Of the grandeur of Lancelot, Derek Brewer says, In the line drawing of Lancelot we generally recognize a vein of extravagance. He is the most obsessive of lovers, as he is the most beloved of ladies, and the greatest of fighters (8). To achieve this feat, Malory has wrought Lancelot to fit the idea of the perfect knight and the perfect lover. The perfect knight is defined by the Chivalric Code set out in Le Morte DArthur as only to fight in just causes, at all times to be merciful, and at all times to prescribe the service of ladies foremost (Malory 69). In this code, Lancelot is to be found exemplary. To prove himself worth(predicate) as a knight of the Round Table, Lancelot must embark on a quest, and it is while on this ques t that A seemingly everlasting series of victories wins him the title of the best knight in the world dedicated to argue the rights of the weak and the oppressed (Walters xxi). The perfect lover is a bit easier for the modern reader to understand, as it is much the same as today. To prove himself the perfect lover, Lancelot defends the honor of his Lady above all, denies himself the pleasure of all other ladies, and accepts any(prenominal) might... ... of all Christian knights none could match you You were the most formidable in battle and the most courteous in manners in the company of warriors the most courageous, and in the company of ladies the gentlest of men, and in a righteous cause implacable. And of great lovers surely you were the truest. So it is you shall be remembered (Malory 507). Works Cited App, August J.. Lancelot in English Literature, His Role and Character. New York Haskell House, 1965 Brewer, Derek. The Presentation of the Character of Lancelot. Lancelot and Guinevere, A Casebook. Ed. Lori J. Walters. New York Garland, 1996. 3-27 Malory, Thomas. Le Morte DArthur. Trans. Keith Malory. New York Mentor, 1962 Walters, Lori J.. Introduction. Lancelot and Guinevere, A Casebook. Ed. Lori J. Walters. New York Garland, 1996. xiii-lxxx
thrall in Colonial the StatesThe first arrivals of Afri sacks in the States were treat similarly to the indentured servants in Europe. Black servants were tough differently from the face cloth servants and by 1740 the sla truly system in compound America was richly developed.Slavery as it existed in America was a practice founded on the chattel principle. Slaves were treated as merciful chattel to be traded, interchange, used, and ranked non among beings, but among things, as an article of place to the owner or possessor. Because the American slave system was based on this principle of homophile chattlehood, slaves were confined in m whatever ways that disable them from even being able to act or live as a human being. The very idea of human chattelhood gave the master outright control over his defenseless slave. Chattels are not permitted to get married, produce or stimulate property. Chattels cannot have rights and hence the slave has no rights. Chattels can be boug ht and sold and so justifies the existence of the slave trade. Chattels do not have any claim to legal protection, therefore the slave has n champion and must turn out the cruelties of thralldom. Chattels are not to be educated or instructed in religion. And cobblers lastly, chattels do not possess the freedom of speech and of the press. race was a very definitive factor in American slavery. In otherwise communitys, slaves would be of the same race as their master. An ex-slave could re-enter partnership with their past forget and be accepted once again. On the other hand, American slavery was closely connected to racial differences that led to racial segregation and discrimination. headmaster and slave could physically be exalted from unmatchable another, which ultimately distinguished one as human and the other as chattel.Before the American Revolution, slavery existed in every one of the colonies. save by the last quarter of the 18th century, slavery was eventually giv en in the compass north mainly because it was not as profitable as it was to the South (where it was becoming even more prevalent). Slavery was an extremely important element in Americas economy because of the expanding tobacco and cotton plantations in the grey states that were in take away of more and more cheap labor. At one point America was a land of 113, 000 slaveholders controlling twenty million slaves.By the 1760s many another(prenominal) Americans were beginning to become dissatisfied with their mother nation and were waging a struggle of resistance against the British colonial government.Slavery in Colonial America Slavery EssaysSlavery in Colonial AmericaThe first arrivals of Africans in America were treated similarly to the indentured servants in Europe. Black servants were treated differently from the white servants and by 1740 the slavery system in colonial America was fully developed.Slavery as it existed in America was a practice founded on the chattel prin ciple. Slaves were treated as human chattel to be traded, sold, used, and ranked not among beings, but among things, as an article of property to the owner or possessor. Because the American slave system was based on this principle of human chattlehood, slaves were confined in many ways that handicapped them from even being able to act or live as a human being. The very idea of human chattelhood gave the master unlimited control over his defenseless slave. Chattels are not permitted to get married, acquire or hold property. Chattels cannot have rights and hence the slave has no rights. Chattels can be bought and sold and so justifies the existence of the slave trade. Chattels do not have any claim to legal protection, therefore the slave has none and must tolerate the cruelties of slavery. Chattels are not to be educated or instructed in religion. And lastly, chattels do not possess the freedom of speech and of the press.Race was a very important factor in American slavery. In other nations, slaves would be of the same race as their master. An ex-slave could re-enter society with their past forgotten and be accepted once again. On the other hand, American slavery was closely connected to racial differences that led to racial segregation and discrimination. Master and slave could physically be distinguished from one another, which ultimately distinguished one as human and the other as chattel.Before the American Revolution, slavery existed in every one of the colonies. But by the last quarter of the 18th century, slavery was eventually abandoned in the North mainly because it was not as profitable as it was to the South (where it was becoming even more prevalent). Slavery was an extremely important element in Americas economy because of the expanding tobacco and cotton plantations in the Southern states that were in need of more and more cheap labor. At one point America was a land of 113, 000 slaveholders controlling twenty million slaves.By the 1760s many Ame ricans were beginning to become dissatisfied with their mother nation and were waging a war of resistance against the British colonial government.
Saturday, March 23, 2019
HAMPTON INN THE 100% SATISFACTION GUARANTEE1. The doctrine behind the 100% Satisfaction Guarantee is to have the guests act as quality-assurance inspectors by identifying quality deficiencies and reporting them to hotel employees. I do think that this is a good way to improve service quality however, I am not sure that it is the best way. While it may seem to consumers that employees leave try harder to satisfy them, if employees are empowered to refund a customers money, they do not have to answer to management, they can near do it.2. The implications of the 100% Guarantee for (a) guests, (b) managers, (c) owners of the hotel buildings and (d) Promus area)Guests that no matter what happens, regular(a) if the hotel unfeignedly did nothing wrong, they can get their money back.b)Managers that they have rattling little to no control over their property or employees. It seems corresponding many important decisions have been taken away from managers, and they can not react in th e best interest for the hotel chain because whats in the customers best interest is usually not the kindred as the companys best interest.c)Owners of the Hotel Buildings that they need to keep their facilities in tip top condition or else customers will be dissatisfy with their experience and demand their money back.d)Promus that this is a program that can leaven the quality of their hotel system.3. I think that since certain events are uncontrollable it would be more realistic to exclude them from the guarantee, but it seems like people really respond to the candor of the Hampton Inn employees and respect the fact that they are macrocosm honest with them about the conditions of the hotel. This is great for customer service and public dealing for the hotel, and very rare in the business world, and I think consumers really appreciate that.4.
In his prison cell at Nuremberg, Hitlers foreign minister, Joachim von Ribbentrop, wrote a brief memoir in the course of which he explored the reasons for Germanys defeat. He picked out(p) three factors that he thought were critical the unexpected power of confrontation of the Red regular army the colossal supply of American armaments and the success of Allied air power. This refinement was Hitlers explanation too. When Ribbentrop spoke with him a week before the suicide in the bunker, Hitler told him that, the real military cause of defeat was the failure of the German Air Force.For the associate in solid ground War Two, the defeat of Germany was their priority.For either his many failings Ribbentrop was side by side(predicate) to the truth than he might have realised. For the Allies in World War Two, the defeat of Germany was their priority. Italy and Japan never posed the same course of threat as the European superpower they fought alongside. Their defeat, costly though i t was, became irresistible. The detect to ending the world crisis was the defeat of Hitlers Germany. This outcome was not pre-ordained, as is so often suggested, once the British Empire was joined by the USSR and the regular army in 1941. The Allies had to mobilise and utilise their large resources effectively on the battlefield and in the air. This outcome could not be taken for granted. British forces were close to defeat everywhere in 1942. The American economy was a peacetime economy, apparently unprepared for the colossal demands of total war. The Soviet system was all but shattered in 1941, two-thirds of its heavy industrial capacity captured and its vast air and tank armies destroyed. This was a war, Ribbentrop ruefully concluded, that Germany could have won.Soviet resistance was in some ways the most surprising outcome. The German attackers believed that Soviet Communism was a corrupt and primitive system that would collapse, in Goebbels talking to like a pack of cards. T he evidence of how poorly the Red Army fought in 1941 confirmed these expectations. More than five million Soviet soldiers were captured or killed in six months they fought with astonishing bravery, but at every level of invade were out-classed by troops that were better armed, better trained and better led.
Friday, March 22, 2019
Some clock times when meiosis ( the division of generative electric cells ) occurs, chromosomes may be lost, left behind, or too many may be passed on, resulting in the birth of a child with a transmissible or inherent smirch or disease. One of the virtually earthy of these genetic disorders is downwards syndrome. This disorder takes its name from Dr. Langdon Down, who was the first to describe it formally, in 1866.Down syndrome is a condition marked by abnormal natural and mental ontogeny that is caused by a genetic defect. This genetic defect is caused by an unnecessary chromosome. People born with Down syndrome have 47 chromosomes compared to the normal get along of 46, 23 chromosomes inherited from each parent. This extra chromosome originates more(prenominal) often in the mothers egg than the fathers sperm. Chromosomes are individual, large DNA molecules in a cell nucleus. They contain the genes along with structures that hold the DNA and aid it in expressing gene tic endowment by orchestrating cellular operations. Down syndrome is one of the most common chromosomal abnormalities, occurring in about 1 out of 800 births. However, the oftenness of the disorder varies greatly according to the age of the mother. For women in their twenties the respect is 1 in 2,000 but it rises steeply to 1 in blow by the time a woman reaches 40. Down syndrome is usually recognise soon aft(prenominal) birth because of characteristic facial features such as a shape nose, upward slanting of the eyes, a large expression that often protrudes from a smal... Down Syndrome Essays -- essays research papers Sometimes when meiosis ( the division of reproductive cells ) occurs, chromosomes may be lost, left behind, or too many may be passed on, resulting in the birth of a child with a genetic or congenital defect or disease. One of the most common of these genetic disorders is Down syndrome. This disorder takes its name from Dr. Langdon Down, who was the first to describe it formally, in 1866.Down syndrome is a condition marked by abnormal physical and mental development that is caused by a genetic defect. This genetic defect is caused by an extra chromosome. People born with Down syndrome have 47 chromosomes compared to the normal amount of 46, 23 chromosomes inherited from each parent. This extra chromosome originates more often in the mothers egg than the fathers sperm. Chromosomes are individual, large DNA molecules in a cell nucleus. They contain the genes along with structures that hold the DNA and aid it in expressing heredity by orchestrating cellular operations. Down syndrome is one of the most common chromosomal abnormalities, occurring in about 1 out of 800 births. However, the frequency of the disorder varies greatly according to the age of the mother. For women in their twenties the rate is 1 in 2,000 but it rises steeply to 1 in 100 by the time a woman reaches 40. Down syndrome is usually recognized soon after birt h because of characteristic facial features such as a flattened nose, upward slanting of the eyes, a large tongue that often protrudes from a smal...